Tammy Schirle, Associate Professor
Department of Economics, Wilfrid Laurier University
75 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON Canada N2L 3C5
Tel: (519) 884-0710 x.3849
Ph.D., Economics, University of British Columbia
Dissertation: The Labour Market Behaviour of Older Individuals
Supervisor: Nicole Fortin
2000 M.A., Economics, Dalhousie University 1999 B.A. Hons., Economics, University of Manitoba (First Class Honours)
Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Wilfrid Laurier University
2011-2012 Associate Professor, Balsillie School of International Affairs
(Cross-appointment to the School of International Policy and Governance at Laurier)
2006-2011 Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Wilfrid Laurier University 2005 Sessional Lecturer, University of British Columbia 2001-2005 Research Assistant and Teaching Assistant, University of British Columbia 2000-2001 CIDA Internship, Currency Research (MEDA, Canada and Romania) 1999-2000 Research Assistant and Teaching Assistant, Dalhousie University 1999 Special Projects Manager, Manitoba Department of Labour, Labour Management Services Division 1998 & 1999 Researcher, Manitoba Department of Labour, Research Branch
Visitor, Department of Economics, McMaster University
Publications and Research Activity:
Peer reviewed academic journal articles
Schirle, T. 2013. "Senior poverty in Canada: A decomposition analysis." Canadian Public Policy, Volume 39(4) December 2013, 517-540.
Ariizumi, Hideki, Yaqin Hu and T. Schirle. 2013 (Forthcoming)."Stand together or alone? Family structure and the business cycle in Canada." Review of Economics of the Household.
Ariizumi, Hideki and T. Schirle. 2012. "Are Recessions Really Good for Your Health? Evidence From Canada." Social Science & Medicine, Vol. 74, April 2012, pp. 1224-1231.
Schirle, T. 2012. "Age-adjusted measures of earnings inequality in the United States, 1980-2010." Economics Bulletin, Vol. 32, no.3, pp. 2662-2669.
Schirle, T. 2012. "Wage Losses of Displaced Older Men: Does Selective Retirement Bias Results?" Canadian Public Policy, Vol. 38(1) March 2012, pp. 1-13.
Lu, Yuqian, René Morissette, and T. Schirle. 2011. "The Growth of Family Earnings Inequality in Canada, 1980-2005." Review of Income and Wealth, Vol. 57, Issue 1, pp. 23-29.
Schirle, T. 2010. "Health, Pensions, and the Retirement Decision: Evidence from Canada" Canadian Journal On Aging, Vol. 29 no. 4, pp. 519-527.
Schirle, T. 2008. "Why Have the Labour Force Participation Rates of Older Men Increased Since the Mid-1990s?" Journal of Labor Economics. Vol. 26 no.4 (October 2008) pp. 549-594.
Milligan, Kevin and T. Schirle. 2008. "Improving the Labour Market Incentives in Canada's Public Pension System" Canadian Public Policy Vol. 34, no.3 (September 2008) pp. 281-304.
Peer reviewed chapters in books or edited volumes
Milligan, Kevin and Tammy Schirle. 2009. "Working while receiving a pension: Will double dipping change the elderly labour market?" in Retirement Policy Issues in Canada. Edited by Michael G. Abbott, Charles M. Beach, Robin W. Boadway, and James G. MacKinnon.
Neill, Christine and Tammy Schirle. 2009. "Remain , retrain or retire: Options for older workers following job loss" in Retirement Policy Issues in Canada. Edited by Michael G. Abbott, Charles M. Beach, Robin W. Boadway, and James G. MacKinnon.
Fortin, Nicole and T. Schirle. 2006. "Gender Dimensions of Changes in Earnings Inequality in Canada" in Dimensions of Inequality in Canada, ed. David A. Green and Jonathan R. Kesselman. Vancouver: UBC Press. (The book was awarded the 2007 Doug Purvis Prize by the Canadian Economics Association.)
Other reviewed articles and reports
Schirle, T. 2012. "The incidence of low income among seniors in Canada." Report prepared for HRSDC, November 2012.
Milligan, K. and T. Schirle. 2012. "The Retirement Income System and the Risks Faced by Canadian Seniors: A Synthesis of the HRSDC/CLSRN Project 'Challenges for Canada's Retirement Income System'." with Kevin Milligan. Report for HRSDC, December 2012.
Laurin, Alexandre, Kevin Milligan and Tammy Schirle. 2012. "Comparing nest eggs: how CPP reform affects retirement choices." C.D. Howe Institute Commentary No. 352, May 2012.
Schirle, T. 2008. "Greener Pastures: Understanding the impact of retirement incentives in defined-benefit pension plans" C.D.Howe Institute Commentary No. 262, May 2008.
"Public Pensions and Retirement: International Evidence in the Canadian Context" with Kevin Milligan. HRSDC-IC-SSHRC Skills Research Initiative Working Paper Series 2006-A-13.
Unpublished working papers, including those under review
Schirle, T. 2013. "The effect of universal child benefits on labour supply." (in submission)
Schirle, T. 2013. "Senior poverty in Canada: a decomposition analysis" CLSRN Working Paper no. 118. April 2013.
Milligan, K. and T. Schirle. 2013. "The retirement income system and the risks faced by Canadian seniors." CLSRN Working Paper No. 120. April 2013.
"Are Recessions Really Good for Your Health? Evidence From Canada" with Hideki Ariizumi. CLSRN Working Paper no. 73, February 2011.
"Income Inequality Among Seniors in Canada: The Role of Women's Labour Market Experience" CLSRN Working Paper no. 51, December 2009.
"The Effect of State Mandates on Health Insurance Premiums and Coverage Rates." with Hideki Ariizumi.
"Earnings Losses of Displaced Older Workers: Accounting for the Retirement Option" CLSRN Working Paper no. 10, February 2008.
Other reports and commentary
"Simulated Replacement Rates for CPP Reform Options" with Kevin Milligan. Prepared for presentation at the CIRANO-University of Calgary School of Public Policy Conference "Proposals for Canada/Quebec Pension Plan Expansion: Are we on the right path?", November 28, 2013, Ottawa.
"Engaging Experience: Opportunities for Older Persons in the Workforce." LCERPA Policy Brief, June 2013.(Comments prepared for the House of Commons Standing Committee on Human Resources, Skills and Social Development and the Status of Persons with Disabilities.)
"The Consequences and Effects the Current Employment Insurance Programs Have on Women in Canada" Laurier LCERPA Commentary 2009-02, March 2009. (Comments prepared for the House of Commons Standing Committee on the Status of Women)
"A Living Wage Policy for the Region of Waterloo - Will it help the working poor?" Laurier LCERPA Commentary 2009-01, January 2009.
Seminars and Conference Participation
2014 CLSRN Annual Meetings, May 2014 (organizing committee)
Invited Seminar - University of Victoria January 2014 (presenter, scheduled)
Invited Speaker - CIRANO-UC School of Public Policy conference "Proposals for Canada/Quebec Pension Plan Expansion: Are we on the right path?", November 2013 (presented with coauthor)
CRDCN Annual Conference October 2013 (presenter, chair, organizing committee)
Invited speaker - Ideas and Issues lecture series, Kitchener Public Library, November 2013 (presenter)
NBER International Social Security research workshop, Madrid, September 2013 (presenter, scheduled)
CEA Annual Meetings, Montreal, June 2013 (Chair 2 sessions)
CLSRN 7th Annual Conference, May 30, Montreal (presenter)
Invited speaker - "Income, Health and Social Programs in an Aging Population" conference, SSRHC Cluster on Population Change and Lifecourse, Ottawa, March 2013 (presenter)
NBER International Social Security research workshop, Paris, February 2013 (presenter)
Invited Seminar - McMaster University, November 2012 (presenter)
CRDCN Conference 2012: Evidence -Based Policy Formation and Evaluation, Fredericton October 2012 (presenter)
C.D. Howe Institute, Pensions Policy Council, June 2012 (presenter)
Deloitte Tax Policy Research Symposium, Toronto, June 2012 (attended)
NBER International Social Security research workshop, Rome (presenter)
CLSRN-HRSDC Challenges for Canada's Retirement Income Programs workshop, Ottawa (presenter, co-director)
C.D. Howe Institute, Pensions Policy Council, January 2012 (presenter)
2011 Invited Seminar - University of Calgary (presenter)
CLSRN Challenges for Canada's Retirement Income Programs workshop, Waterloo (presenter, co-director)
Tax Time, CTF and U of T School of Public Policy and Governance (discussant)
Invited Seminar - York University ( presenter)
Society of Labor Economists 16th Annual Meetings (attended) CLSRN Annual Meetings (attended)
Invited Seminar - University of Manitoba (presenter)
Invited Seminar - University of Guelph (presenter)
CEA Annual Meetings, Quebec City (coauthor presented)
Invited Seminar - Dalhousie University (presenter)
CEA Annual Meetings, Toronto (presenter, discussant)
CLSRN Annual Conference, Toronto (presenter)
C.D. Howe Institute Policy Conference - Atlantic Canada's Demographic Future: Labour challenges and Migration issues, Halifax (invited, presenter)
Mothers, Workers, and Retirees: The evolution of women's roles in the economy (organizer, presented)
Internal seminar series, Wilfrid Laurier University, Economics Department (presented)
2008 Fourth Annual Symposium of the Population, Work and Family Policy Research Collaboration (PWFC), Gatineau QC (presented)
CLSRN-HRSDC Workshop, Toronto (presented)
66th International Atlantic Economic Conference, Montreal (presented, chair)
Small Open Economies in a Globalized World, Waterloo (presented, chair)
Canadian Economics Association Annual Meetings, Vancouver (presented, chair (2), discussant (2))
Invited Seminar: HRSDC workshop on the transition to retirement (presented)
Internal Seminar Series, Wilfrid Laurier University, Economics Department (presented)
John Deutsch Institute Conference on Retirement Policy Issues in Canada, Kingston (presented 2 papers)
CLSRN Workshop on Labour Market Adjustment , Montreal (presented, discussant)
Society of Labour Economists 12th Annual Meetings, Chicago (presented)
CLSRN First Annual Conference: Labour Market Research and Public Policy: Making the Connection, Toronto
Internal Seminar Series, Wilfrid Laurier University, Economics Department (presented)
2006 Second Annual Symposium of the Population, Work, and Family Policy Research Collaboration (PWFC), Gatineau QC (presented)
SEDAP - Private Pensions and Income Security in Old Age: An Uncertain Future, Hamilton ON (attended)
Canadian Economics Association Meetings, Montreal (presented, discussant)
Invited Seminars: Wilfrid Laurier University, University of Ottawa, University of Manitoba, University of Saskatchewan, Bank of Canada (presented)
TARGET Conference on Education, Training and the Evolving Workplace, Vancouver BC (attended)
Awards and Grants
Merit Award, Wilfrid Laurier University (awarded July 2012)
WLU internal grant for the project "The effect of the Universal Child Care Benefit on Women's Labour Supply" (2012-2013)
CLSRN grant for the project "The incidence of low income among seniors in Canada" (2009-2012)
HRSDC grant "Challenges for Canada's Retirement Income System" on behalf of CLSRN (as co-director of the research program, 2009-2012)
Merit Award, Wilfrid Laurier University (awarded July 2009)
CLSRN Grant for the project "The evolution of women's labour market experiences and the implications for retirement today." (2008-2009)
SSHRC Aid to Workshops grant, and the Laurier Centre for Economic Policy Conference Grant for organizing the workshop "Mothers, Workers, and Retirees: The evolution of women's roles in the economy over the past 50 years." (2008-2009)
Short term research grant from WLU, with Christine Neill, for the project "Evaluating the Economic Impact of Adult Investments in Post-Secondary Education in Canada." (2007-2008)
CLSRN Grant for the project "Examining the Consequences of Displacement Among Canadian Workers Nearing Retirement". (2006-2008)
TARGET Fellowship, UBC (2004-2006)
University Graduate Fellowship, UBC (2002-2003)
Dalhousie University Graduate Fellowship (1999-2000)
Other Responsibilities, Academic and Community Service:
Current Professional Activities
Reviewer, Statistics Canada, Canadian Center for Data Development and Economic Research CDER (2012 - present)
Advisory Panel: C.D. Howe Institute Pension Papers Program (since 2007)
Contributor, Globe and Mail Economy Lab (since October 2011)
Current University Service
South Western Ontario Research Data Centre Management Committee (member since 2011)
Research Data Centre Regional Coordinating Committee (member since 2011)
WLU Daycare Planning Committee (2011-)
SBE Research Committee (2013-)
Internal seminars coordinator, Economics Strategic Planning Committee, Part-time Appointments Committee (2013-14)
Past Activities and Service
Co-director, CLSRN Challenges to Canada's Retirement Income System Research Program (2009-2013, with Kevin Milligan)
MIPP Admissions Committee, WLU (2011-12)
WLU SBE Undergraduate Admissions Committee (2011-12)
WLU SBE Awards Committee (2011-12)
WLU Economics Hiring Sub-committee (2010-11)
WLU Economics Tenure guidelines committee (2011)
Internal seminar co-ordinator, WLU Economics (2010-11)
Laurier Centre for Economic Research and Policy Analysis Scientific Committee , WLU (2008-2011)
Witness for the House of Commons Standing Committee for the Status of Women - Women and Pension Security (November 2009)
Library Coordinator, Department of Economics, WLU (2008-09)
Faculty Graduate Council Member (Masters in International Public Policy), WLU (200-10)
Witness for the House of Commons Standing Committee for the Status of Women - Consequences and effects the current employment insurance programs have on women in Canada (April 2009)
Consultations with the Greater K-W Chamber of Commerce RMAC - A Living Wage Policy for the Region of Waterloo - Will it help the working poor? (January 2009)
WLU Economics Hiring Sub-committee (2007-08)
Department of Economics, Graduate Faculty Council Alternate (2007-08)
Master's in International Public Policy, Graduate Faculty Council Alternate(2007-08)
Department of Economics Chair Nominations Committee (2006-07)
Department of Economics Curriculum Committee (2006-07)
SBE Enablers Action Team (2006-07)
SBE IT Resources Committee (2006-07)
Supervision of Students
Boniface Oye-Adeniran (MABE, 2011): Social capital and health outcomes
Kelly Mao (MABE, 2011): Measuring earnings differentials between generations of Canadians
Xi Luan (MABE, 2009): The gender wage gap in the Canadian Labour Market
Jin Meng (MABE, 2009): The gender earnings gap in Canada, 1997-2008
Anita DiNardo (MABE, 2008): The employment effects of the minimum wage on teenagers
Nicholaos Zografos (MABE, 2007): The effect of immigration on housing prices in major Canadian cities
Referee and Reviewer
2013-14 Canadian Journal of Economics (1), French National Research Agency (ANR) (1), Canadian Journal on Aging (1), Review of Economics of the Household (1), Oxford Economic Papers (1), Labour Economics (1) 2012-13 Journal of Economic Inequality (1), Demography (1), Alfred P. Sloan Foundation (1), Canadian Public Policy (2), Journal of Pension Economics and Finance (1), Economic Development and Cultural Change (1), Empirical Economics (1) 2011-12 Research on Aging (1), American Economic Journal: Applied Economics (1), Canadian Public Policy (1), Journal of Population Economics (1), B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy (1), Review of the Economics of the Household (1), Contemporary Economic Policy (1), John Wiley publishers UK (1), HRSDC (1), University of Calgary School of Public Policy (1) 2010-11 National Tax Journal (1), Journal of Population Economics (1), Canadian Journal on Aging (2) 2009-10 Applied Economics (1), Canadian Public Policy (5) 2008-09 Applied Economics (1), Canadian Public Policy (1) 2007-08 Applied Economics (2), Economic Inquiry (1), Journal of Health Economics (1), Economic Development and Cultural Change (1)
Last updated: December 2013